Category Archives: ebooks

My thoughts on how productivity is way more portable than in the past, but how annoyingly some non-visual features only appear on products with larger screens

Posted on December 13, 2019

Johan Sebastian Bach probably wished he’d had a better way to work on his “Musikalisches Opfer”, “A Musical Offering” when he traveled back home to Leipzig from visiting King Frederick the great of Prussia  near Berlin in 1747. Ok, he probably instead really wished for something faster and more comfortable than a horse-drawn carriage.

I still remember being in high school, when I had a 30 minute ride between school and home, each way; wanting a portable typewriter that ran on batteries; all the homework I could have done.

In 1987, Deane Blazie and his company, Blazie Engineering, came out with the Braille ’n Speak, very awesome for its time. David Holladay told me there was nothing like it in the sighted world at that time. He considered buying one for his own use, even though he is sighted.

The original version was a braille note taker, had 192K of memory that could be separated into 30 separate files. It was kind of that portable typewriter I wanted; it had  actually already been out when I was a senior in high school, I just didn’t know about it until a month before   I started college.. The Braille ‘n Speak was 8 by 4 by 1/2 inches and was way easier to carry around than the Perkins braille writer which I still used in my dorm room, just not loudly in my classes.

People everywhere got excited when laptops became viable, affordable, and light weight enough to not break the average back, though the most portable models even today are still definitely breaking wallets. Even the lightest of laptops back then still had rather large footprints, until the netbooks came out in the late early two thousands. People liked netbooks because they were easy to carry, and although not very powerful were good for writing projects and web browsing.

Back in the blind community, Levelstar came out with both the Icon, and the Braille Plus, which were kind of the Braille ‘n Speaks of their time in 2007. The Icon was 3 by 5 by 1 inches, the Braille Plus slightly wider. They both ran linux,, excited many people, and probably would have gone much farther if it weren’t for the industry-wide disruptive changes brought by Apple and their iOS devices. Yes, they also killed the netbook market.

When the first iPads came out, people thought they were just personal screens to consume content on; but now, ten years later, as iPads continue to get more powerful, many people see with significant success, how much work they can do on them while on the run; just ask  Federico Viticci. You can even get very nice iPad cases with keyboards built-in so that they in some ways almost function like laptops, though probably a netbook would be more accurate. The problem is, most people are photon dependent, and they can’t seem to get anything done without a large flashy screen to look at.

I often hear people talk about how much they can get done with their iPads, and that’s great, but my annoyance is that this means the majority also think that the iPhone is useless as a productivity tool. This means: I can’t press command-tab to move between open apps on my iPhone, or get a list of keyboard shortcuts offered by an iOS app. Even though both of these are completely available using the exact same Bluetooth keyboard on  iPads. I can’t think of any technical reason why the same keyboard-focused productivity features used on iPads every day can’t also work on iPhones.

Since 2010 I still carry a foldable Bluetooth keyboard along with my iPhone, and since 2014 braille screen input, more often called BSI has also been available. This means that blind users have been able to be just as productive as their sighted counterparts with their larger iPad screens. If I were in college writing papers today, I could probably do 95% of them on my iPhone only needing my MacBook for finishing touches. If I were sighted, I’d probably want larger screens too, but I hopefully would still appreciate that small screens can also be just as effective.

It seems that many products only offer their high-end features on their larger screened devices. This can be interpreted by some as kind of a screen tax. “I, who can’t use a screen am forced to pay more money for a larger screen that I can’t benefit from, just to get a quad core CPU instead of two cores, etc.” “We only make phones with huge screens and no home button, because that’s what everyone wants.”  When individuals or companies come up with some new awesome product, I just wish they would not assume that everyone thinks the same ways they do.

I still smile when I remember how my friend Eric Knapp explained how confused people looked when they saw me typing on my keyboard but couldn’t see any screen or device; my iPhone was under the table attached to my belt. I wear bone conduction headphones in public, so VoiceOver speaks to me through them just fine. If the iPhone got those cool keyboard shortcuts on the iPad already mentioned above, I would consider that a nice step towards improvements.

There is a very cool app for both iOS and Android called Voice Dream Reader, it can read all kinds of file formats, and to some degree, makes digital text into a kind of audio book. I use it every day. I also thought how amazing it would be if I could have Voice Dream Reader on my Apple watch, the smallest e-book reader ever. Alas, the Apple watch can only play audio through Bluetooth headphones and speakers. Yes, I totally get how bad music would sound through the watch’s very small speaker, but for reading a book; especially if I’m just laying in bed, it seems like another opportunity to think outside the box not taken. Voice Dream Reader is on my watch now, but requiring a Bluetooth audio device makes it inconvenient for me to use.

If I were complaining just to complain, I could have succeeded by babbling to myself in an echo chamber. I wrote this to hopefully show mobile productivity from a different angle, hoping a reader or two might take the next opportunity they have to think or better yet just step outside the box and include more users, regardless of what screen preferences they might have.

How I got past an accessibility snag buying a book on the Pragmatic PRogrammer’s site

Posted on November 28, 2018

Two days ago I was reading some tweets and read one advertising a great deal. I know, the deal is probably over by the time most people read this post, but the books are still worth considering. :
Brian P. Hogan – : Hey folks. You can pick up my new CLI book  “Small Sharp Software Tools”  my Exercises for Programmers book  or my tmux “productive mouse-free development” book  in ebook form of 40% off for a limited time.

They make great gifts.

And I would appreciate the support.

Although graphical interfaces can some times be useful, I always have a terminal window open, so looked at his book and decided buying it would be an upgrade to my command-line know-how . Too bad the site didn’t have more accessibility know-how.

After some stumbling around I made an account on the Pragmatic PRogrammer’s site and had Brian’s book in my cart, but couldn’t get to the checkout screen.

Brian suggested I write to Pragmatic’s support email, and I got back a very helpful response.

Hi Kevin:
I’m sorry for the trouble that your having.
We’ve had this come up in the past. Could you try going directly to
https://t.co/8txuG7N9mg
while logged in to your account. Let me know if that works.

Kind Regards,
Pat the Gerbil

That link worked great, and I was able to breeze through the rest of the buying process.

Although fixing this accessibility snag would be the ultimate solution, at least there is a work around, and I wanted to share it with prospective screen reader using buyers.

And now my gentle message to the rest of the readers who are sighted. As long as ebooks don’t use screenshots when showing terminal commands or program code, they are completely accessible to blind readers, and paying the same price as sighted readers is totally ok by me. “Small Sharp Software Tools” only has a few screenshots, but as far as I can tell all of the terminal output and commands are raw text. Hopefully most if not yet all books from ebook publishers use as much raw text as possible. There are some serious geeks in the blind community, and the more accessible your ebooks, the more we’ll buy them
If a programming book has all of the code in screenshots, the book is completely unusable to blind readers, and they are totally excluded from the knowledge the author is sharing. I bought a book some years ago and all of the code was in images, so beyond not being able to learn from it that book also cost me around $30.
. I suppose screenshots are nice and pretty and all, but they’re also inaccessible to screen reader users; Any readers of this post who are also authors, I thank you for considering this when writing your books in the future.